Calculate the expected value of perfect information from a decision model using standard Monte Carlo simulation

## Arguments

- outputs
This could take one of two forms

"net benefit" form: a matrix or data frame of samples from the uncertainty distribution of the expected net benefit. The number of rows should equal the number of samples, and the number of columns should equal the number of decision options.

"cost-effectiveness analysis" form: a list with the following named components:

`"c"`

: a matrix or data frame of samples from the distribution of costs. There should be one column for each decision option.`"e"`

: a matrix or data frame of samples from the distribution of effects, likewise.`"k"`

: a vector of willingness-to-pay values.Objects of class

`"bcea"`

, as created by the BCEA package, are in this "cost-effectiveness analysis" format, therefore they may be supplied as the`outputs`

argument.Users of heemod can create an object of this form, given an object produced by

`run_psa`

(`obj`

, say), with`import_heemod_outputs`

.If

`outputs`

is a matrix or data frame, it is assumed to be of "net benefit" form. Otherwise if it is a list, it is assumed to be of "cost effectiveness analysis" form.- nsim
Number of simulations from the decision model to use for calculating EVPPI. The first

`nsim`

rows of the objects in`inputs`

and`outputs`

are used.